“Free” money on the table for savers, but you have to pick it up
Mickey Kim / February 22, 2019
In my last column I wrote how lack of savings is a financial crisis in our society and argued the recent government shutdown was a wake-up call shouting the need for each of us to establish an “emergency” or “uncertainty” fund. Further back, I told of how I always advise people to not invest any funds likely to be needed in the next three to five years in stocks. As we witnessed last December, stocks are extremely volatile by nature and can rapidly drop 10 or 20 percent for any or no reason.
You simply can’t risk having the funds you have earmarked for a specific purpose, like covering emergency expenses/income interruption or buying a house, get whacked just before you need them.
Thus, the only riskless option giving you immediate access to your funds is a traditional bank savings account earning essentially 0% interest. Or is it?
During the Global Financial Crisis, the Federal Reserve reduced its target for the Federal Funds rate (i.e. the interest rate at which banks lend excess reserves to other banks overnight) to “near-zero,” where it remained until December of 2015. Following nine increases of 0.25% (most recently last December), the Fed’s target currently stands at 2.25%-2.50%.
Low-cost checking and savings deposits are the lifeblood of banks, which make their dough on the net interest margin, which measures the difference between the interest collected on loans versus the interest paid on deposits. In short, banks make money by converting short-term liabilities like checking/savings deposits into long-term assets like mortgage or commercial loans and living off the spread.
Not surprisingly, as interest rates rose as the crisis faded, banks have been much quicker to raise rates for borrowers than depositors. Indeed, according to The Wall Street Journal (WSJ), the average yield on savings accounts (where nearly $8 trillion resides) has been stuck at a paltry 0.09% since January 2018. Further, another $1 trillion of customer cash at brokerage firms earns less than 0.3%, which goes a long way towards explaining how the Schwab and Fidelity can afford to offer passive index funds with fees next to nothing.
Until the last year or so, it really didn’t matter much what you did with your cash—all rates rounded to 0%. That’s no longer the case. In fact, you can earn a significantly higher return without taking on additional risk, a true unicorn in the realm of investments.
Go to Bankrate.com to quickly compare rates offered by a plethora of online banking options (which have lower cost structures than traditional brick-and-mortar banks). Wall Street titan Goldman Sachs Group launched its online bank Marcus to service Main Street customers. Marcus currently offers a savings account earning 2.25% with no minimum deposit and no transaction fees.
That might not seem like a lot, but you can drive a proverbial truck between 2.25% and the current traditional bank savings account average of 0.09%.
The WSJ highlighted an online service that isn’t a bank, but automates the process of maximizing your earnings on cash. MaxMyInterest.com routes your cash among the banks in its network offering the highest deposit rates while keeping you under the $250,000/account FDIC insurance limit. You simply set a minimum amount of cash you want to keep in your checking account and MaxMyInterest will automatically sweep cash into/out of that account.
MaxMyInterest currently offers a top savings account rate of 2.46% and charges a nominal fee for its service.
Big banks in particular have spent billions developing mobile applications and other technology to make transacting quick and easy and deposits “sticky” (i.e. less likely to leave in search of higher rates). Inertia is one of the most powerful behavioral forces in the investment world. There’s “free money” on the table, but you’re going to have to pick it up.
The opinions expressed in these articles are those of the author as of the date the article was published. These opinions have not been updated or supplemented and may not reflect the author’s views today. The information provided in these articles does not provide information reasonably sufficient upon which to base an investment decision and should not be considered a recommendation to purchase or sell any particular stock or other investment.
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